Migraine pain and ways to prevent it
Migraine pain is a very common word in our daily life. There is a detailed discussion about it in today’s feature.
Does headache mean migraine?
It is a common neurovascular disorder. Usually, there is severe pain on one side of the head. According to experts, there are more than 150 types of headaches. Which can be divided into two categories, primary and secondary. It falls into the primary category because it is caused by a medical condition. No blood test or any other means is required for diagnosis. It is a special type of headache. But headaches can be caused by other reasons, a headache does not mean that you have a migraine!
Why is migraine pain?
Although this reason is not yet known precisely. But according to most, it is the result of abnormal activity of the brain due to which the nerves and blood vessels of the brain are affected. The cause of this temporary change in the brain has not been clarified. However, apart from genetic factors, certain triggers or factors increase migraine pain. For example-
- Very bright light
- Hormonal issues
- Emotional and physical stress
- Fatigue or excess workload
- Certain foods or drinks (excessive consumption of chocolate, cheese, coffee, etc.)
- Excessive wandering
- insufficient sleep
- Working on a laptop or computer for a long time or watching TV etc.
Men or women are more likely to get migraines.
Studies have shown that one in five women and one in fifteen men suffer from migraines, which means that the rate is three times higher in women! Because women have more hormonal changes. Menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause are related to migraine pain. It is often less common after menopause, but more common before periods. However, in the case of women, migraine pain is more common in the age group of 15-50.
Some common questions
Is it hereditary?
Yes, it has been proven in studies. Four out of five members of a family have a history of migraine.
Do children get migraines?
May be. Pediatric migraine pain is of short duration and stomach-related symptoms are seen in these cases.
Does migraine cause brain damage or can it cause any other disease?
No, brain damage does not occur. But if it is at an extreme level, there is a chance of stroke. For example, it may happen to 1 or 2 people in one lakh. So, there is nothing to stress about it.
Are migraines reduced by taking more painkillers?
Taking excess medicine is not good for the body, take medicine as per doctor’s advice but don’t depend only on medicine.
There are four stages of migraine and the symptoms of each stage vary. It takes about 8-72 hours to complete these four stages. The intensity, duration, and type of pain may vary from person to person.
In the very initial stage, problems with concentration, difficulty speaking and reading, muscle stiffness, vomiting, light, sound sensitivity, etc. occur. The duration can be from 3 hours to a few days.
Symptoms include seeing flashes of light, blind spots in vision, changes in speech, ringing in the ears, seeing zigzag lines, and changes in smell and taste. Duration is 5-60 minutes.
Light, sound, and smell sensitivity, loss of appetite, dizziness, nausea or vomiting, etc. Duration is 4-72 hours.
Difficulty concentrating, being depressed, having trouble understanding something, etc. This stage is called the migraine hangover and 80% of people experience this stage. The duration may be 1-2 days.
Is there any way to prevent it?
Along with medication, this problem can be reduced to a great extent by following some rules. But take the medicine prescribed by the doctor. Making some lifestyle changes will benefit you. Check out what they are-
Keep magnesium-rich food in the diet
A lack of magnesium in the diet is said to trigger headaches. So, you can keep mixed nuts and seeds, bananas, dark chocolate, oatmeal, etc. in the diet. Also, ginger is very beneficial, because ginger works very well in reducing nausea.
Adequate hydration and sound sleep
Many forget to drink water under the pressure of work! Maintain a healthy lifestyle, drink plenty of water, and stay away from direct sunlight. Also, you should sleep for 8 hours at night. A cold-water strip gives temporary relief for migraine pain.
Avoid tea, coffee, and soft drinks
Develop the habit of consuming tea and coffee in moderation. If you are in the habit of drinking excess soft drinks, avoid that too.
Essential oil therapy
Mix 2/3 drops of lavender essential oil with any carrier oil and massage gently on the scalp, you will get great relief. Lavender essential oil is recommended to reduce stress and promote better sleep. Peppermint essential oil can also be used for the same benefits.
Meditation or Yoga
Start the day with some exercise, meditation, or yoga. In addition to being healthy, the problem of sinus headache will also decrease. The more relaxed and fresher you are, the fewer migraines will occur. Meditation is very helpful in reducing stress.
Maintain a diary
As we take notes every day, so do migraines. Keep a note of when and how long the pain is happening! Keep a record of what you did or what you ate that day. By doing this you will know the trigger factors. It will also be convenient to give the history to the doctor.
Those who suffer from migraines, if they work continuously on a laptop or go out in the sun must use photo sunglasses or power glasses if available. But try not to work continuously looking at the screen. Take breaks.
Look at a sinus headache patient who knows exactly when his migraines occur. Make lifestyle changes accordingly. Try to adapt yourself in some cases. Always remember that nothing is more important than your body, health comes first. So, follow a healthy lifestyle, and take care of yourself.
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