Rheumatoid arthritis or rheumatism?
You have been suffering from joint pain in your fingers for quite some time. Pain worsens after waking up in the morning. Again, the pain gradually decreases during the day’s activities. But do not understand why this pain is happening. You go to the doctor and find out that you suffer from rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Many of us are affected by this disease. But what are the cause and treatments? Today we will learn more about this disease.
What is Rheumatoid Arthritis?
Rheumatoid arthritis is commonly known as a rheumatic disease. It is an autoimmune disease, the exact cause of which is not yet known. This disease causes immune cells to mistakenly attack the body’s tissues. Damage to the lining of the bone junction and swelling of the muscles around the bone causes pain. As a result, bone loss begins and deformity of the bone structure occurs. Apart from bone junctions, this disease also damages other body organs such as the skin, lungs, eyes, and blood vessels. Rheumatoid arthritis can occur at any age. But it increases after the age of 40 years. Women are more affected by this disease.
- First pain in small joints of hands and feet (e.g. – fingers), then the pain starts in every joint of the body.
- Joints become swollen.
- The pain is more when waking up in the morning, the pain decreases with walking and activities during the day.
- Fever is felt in the body along with pain.
- The muscles of the painful joint begin to atrophy and become thin.
- A rheumatic nodule (tissue swelling) is seen.
- Weight decreases.
Who is at risk of this disease?
- Anyone can develop rheumatoid arthritis. However, in some cases, the risk of developing the disease increases. For example-
- If a close relative has the disease, you are more likely to get the disease.
- Women with a family history of the disease are two to three times more likely to develop rheumatoid arthritis.
- Smoking increases a person’s risk of rheumatoid arthritis and worsens the disease.
- Obesity is more likely to develop RA.
There is no single test to diagnose the disease. In addition to clinical observation, diagnosis requires some pathological tests. Sometimes an X-ray or ultrasound of the affected joints may also be necessary.
Since Rheumatoid Arthritis is not a completely curable disease, the patient needs to take certain medicines prescribed by the doctor on a regular basis. Also, regular physiotherapy treatment and exercises taught by a physiotherapist should be taken to prevent complications of the disease, such as stiffness and curvature of the joints.
Ways to stay well domestically
- Wear clothes that keep the body warm in case of joint pain. It will reduce the pain a lot.
- Drink enough water. Pain sensitivity increases when the body is dehydrated.
- Exercise regularly. Usually, our body movement is reduced due to pain. It increases body stiffness. Remember, as you increase your movement, your muscle weakness, and joint stiffness will decrease.
- Give warm food while resting or sleeping. In this case, you can use hot water in a hot water bag. It will reduce the pain in the body joints a lot.
- Use hot water while bathing. It will remove the stiffness of all the joints of the body and increase the capacity for movement.
- Spend some time in the sun every day. It will fill the deficiency of vitamin D in the body. One of the causes of increased body pain is vitamin D deficiency. Also, if you don’t want to suffer from bone loss, or osteoporosis (this disease weakens the bones and increases the risk of breaking), you should apply sunlight regularly.
The disease is not completely cured but can be cured with treatment. However, the consequences are fatal if the disease is not treated on time. So, consult a doctor if any joint pain starts suddenly. stay healthy Remember, the more you keep this disease under control, the more you can lead a normal life.
Our Other Engagements: