“Creating Ficus Retusa Bonsai”.
Creating a bonsai from Ficus Retusa, commonly known as the Chinese Banyan or Indian Laurel, can be a rewarding and enjoyable process. Here are some guidelines to help you get started:
Selecting a Ficus Retusa:
When selecting a Ficus Retusa for bonsai, there are several factors to consider to ensure you choose a healthy and suitable candidate. Here’s a guide to help you make an informed selection:
– Choose a Ficus Retusa that appears healthy and vibrant. Look for lush green foliage, and avoid plants with yellowing or wilting leaves.
– Inspect the tree for any signs of pests or diseases, such as discolored spots, webbing, or unusual growths.
Trunk and Nebari (Root Flare):
– Examine the trunk for interesting features such as movement, taper, and surface texture. A thicker base tapering gradually toward the apex is generally desirable.
– Check for a well-defined nebari (root flare at the base). A good nebari enhances the overall aesthetic of the bonsai.
– Look for a Ficus Retusa with well-developed branches. Consider the existing branch structure and whether it aligns with the bonsai style you envision.
– Ensure that branches are evenly distributed around the trunk to promote balance.
– Inspect the roots if possible. A healthy root system is crucial for the long-term success of the bonsai.
– Avoid trees with circling or girdling roots, as these can lead to future health issues.
Size and Age:
– Consider the size and age of the Ficus Retusa about the bonsai style you have in mind. Younger plants are more flexible for shaping, while older plants may have more developed features.
Container and Soil:
– Check the condition of the current container and soil. A well-draining bonsai soil mix is preferable.
– If the plant is root-bound, it may require repotting, which can be a consideration for your plans.
– The best time to shop for bonsai is typically during the growing season (spring through early fall). This allows you to assess the tree’s health and vitality when it’s actively growing.
– Consider the local climate in your area. Choose a Ficus Retusa that suits your climate conditions well to ensure easier care and adaptation.
– Bonsai is an art, and personal preference plays a significant role. Choose a Ficus Retusa that appeals to you aesthetically and aligns with your vision for the bonsai.
– If you’re purchasing from a nursery or bonsai specialist, don’t hesitate to ask questions. Inquire about the plant’s care history, known issues, and specific care recommendations.
By carefully considering these factors, you’ll be better equipped to select a Ficus Retusa that has the potential to thrive as a beautiful and well-formed bonsai. When it comes to bonsai trees, patience and attention to detail are crucial for their selection and care.
Potting and Soil:
Potting and soil are crucial aspects of bonsai cultivation, and they significantly influence the health and development of your Ficus Retusa bonsai. Here are guidelines for potting and selecting the right soil:
– Choose a bonsai pot that complements the size and style of your Ficus Retusa. The pot should be proportional to the tree’s trunk diameter and overall size.
– Bonsai pots with good drainage holes are essential to prevent waterlogging.
– Ficus Retusa generally benefits from repotting every 2-3 years, typically in spring. Repotting is a beneficial process for plants as it helps to refresh the soil, prune the roots, and encourage new growth.
– During repotting, carefully prune the roots to maintain a balanced root system. Remove any circling or girdling roots to prevent future problems.
– Trim back long roots and consider the overall health of the root system.
– After repotting, level the soil surface and water the bonsai thoroughly. Avoid burying the trunk deeper than it was in the previous pot.
– Ensure that the bonsai is securely anchored in the pot to prevent movement. To keep the tree in place, you can use either wires or mesh.
– Place the newly repotted Ficus Retusa in a shaded area for a few weeks to allow it to recover. Gradually reintroduce it to its normal growing location.
– Ficus Retusa requires a well-draining bonsai soil mix. A common mix includes components like akadama, pumice, and lava rock in varying proportions.
– Good drainage is essential to prevent root rot, a common issue with ficus varieties.
– Use a mix with a variety of particle sizes. This promotes aeration and water retention while preventing compaction.
– Larger particles allow for good drainage, while smaller particles retain moisture.
– Including a small amount of organic matter, such as pine bark or coconut coir, provides nutrients and helps with water retention.
– However, be cautious not to use too much organic material, as it can lead to compacted soil.
– Aim for a slightly acidic to neutral pH level in the soil (around 6.0 to 7.0). Most Ficus species, including Ficus Retusa, prefer slightly acidic conditions.
– Some bonsai enthusiasts add slow-release fertilizers to the soil mix during repotting to provide nutrients gradually over time.
– Regular fertilization during the growing season is still necessary.
– Regularly check the moisture level in the soil. Ficus Retusa prefers slightly moist conditions but does not tolerate waterlogged soil.
Remember that the potting and soil requirements may vary depending on the specific needs and conditions of your Ficus Retusa bonsai. Regular observation and adjustment of your care routine will contribute to the overall health and vitality of your bonsai tree.
Pruning and Wiring:
Pruning and wiring are essential techniques in bonsai cultivation, helping shape and refine the form of your Ficus Retusa bonsai. Here’s a guide on how to approach pruning and wiring for your bonsai:
Purpose of Pruning:
– Pruning serves several purposes, including shaping the tree, controlling its size, encouraging branching, and maintaining overall health.
– Use sharp and clean bonsai pruning shears or scissors. This ensures clean cuts and minimizes stress on the tree.
Regularly remove unwanted shoots and leaves to maintain the desired shape.
Pinch back new growth using your fingers or shears to encourage ramification (branching).
Remove excess branches to allow light and air penetration. This promotes inner growth and maintains an open structure.
– Perform maintenance pruning throughout the growing season, especially during spring and summer when the tree is growing.
– Avoid heavy pruning during late fall and winter when the tree is in a dormant or semi-dormant state.
– Choose the main branches that contribute to the overall design of the tree. Remove branches that disrupt the desired silhouette or balance.
– Ficus Retusa leaves can be large. To reduce leaf size, regularly prune back new growth. This encourages the development of smaller leaves over time.
– After pruning, apply cut paste or sealant to larger wounds. This helps prevent infections and aids in the healing process.
Purpose of Wiring:
– Wiring allows you to shape and position branches and the overall structure of your bonsai. It is a crucial technique for creating the desired form.
– Use aluminum or copper bonsai wire. Copper wire is stronger but can leave marks on the bark if not removed promptly. Aluminum wire is more forgiving and is suitable for beginners.
– Wire cutters are essential for safely removing the wire without damaging the tree.
Use a single wire to guide a branch’s movement.
Use two wires in a crossed pattern for added stability and control.
Attach wires to the trunk or other branches to pull or anchor a branch in a specific direction.
– Wiring is typically done during the growing season when the branches are pliable. Avoid wiring during periods of dormancy.
Avoid Wire Bite:
– Regularly check the wired branches for wire bite, which occurs when the wire cuts into the bark. Remove or adjust the wire if you notice this happening.
– Leave the wire on for the appropriate amount of time (usually several months). Remove the wire before it starts cutting into the bark.
– If the branches haven’t been set in the desired position, you may need to rewire.
– Be gentle to avoid damaging the branches. Ficus species, including Ficus Retusa, have relatively soft wood, so be cautious not to cause injury.
Remember that both pruning and wiring should be done with the long-term vision of the bonsai in mind. Regular observation and adjustment are key to achieving the desired form and maintaining the health of your Ficus Retusa bonsai.
Proper watering is a crucial aspect of Ficus Retusa bonsai care. Here are some guidelines to help you maintain optimal soil moisture levels for a healthy and thriving bonsai:
– Monitor the moisture content of the soil regularly. Stick your finger into the soil up to the first knuckle, and water when the top layer feels slightly dry.
– Use water that is free from harmful minerals and contaminants. If your tap water is hard or contains chlorine, consider using filtered or distilled water.
– Ficus Retusa prefers slightly moist soil. Water when the top layer of soil feels dry to the touch. The frequency will vary depending on factors like temperature, humidity, and the size of the pot.
– Adjust your watering routine based on the season. During the growing season (spring and summer), Ficus Retusa may need more frequent watering than during the dormant period (fall and winter).
– Water the bonsai thoroughly, allowing water to soak through the entire root ball.
– Ensure that water reaches the bottom of the pot to encourage deep root growth.
– Ficus Retusa does not tolerate waterlogged soil. Ensure that the pot has adequate drainage holes, and remove excess water from the saucer beneath the pot to prevent roots from sitting in standing water.
– Ficus Retusa benefits from moderate to high humidity. In dry climates or during winter when indoor heating reduces humidity, consider using humidity trays or placing the bonsai near a humidifier.
– Use drip trays under the bonsai pot to collect excess water. This helps maintain a clean and tidy appearance and prevents water damage to surfaces.
– Watering in the morning allows the foliage to dry during the day, reducing the risk of fungal diseases.
– Misting the leaves occasionally can help increase humidity, especially in dry indoor environments. However, avoid misting excessively, as Ficus Retusa prefers well-draining conditions.
Reduce Watering in Dormancy:
– During the dormant period, reduce the frequency of watering, as the tree’s water requirements decrease.
– If you suspect overwatering or poor drainage, check the roots for signs of root rot (yellowing, mushy roots). Adjust your watering schedule accordingly.
– Outdoor Ficus Retusa bonsai may require more frequent watering, especially during hot and windy conditions.
Consistency is Key:
– Establish a consistent watering routine, but always be flexible and adjust based on the specific needs of your bonsai.
By giving close consideration to your Ficus Retusa bonsai’s dampness needs and changing your watering routine appropriately, you can assist with guaranteeing the well-being and imperativeness of the tree. Remember that each bonsai may have unique requirements, so observe how your tree responds to different conditions.
Light and Temperature:
Light and temperature are critical factors in the health and development of your Ficus Retusa bonsai. Here are guidelines to help you provide the right conditions for optimal growth:
Indoor vs. Outdoor:
– Ficus Retusa can be grown both indoors and outdoors. However, they typically thrive with more natural sunlight outdoors.
– Place outdoor Ficus Retusa in a location with bright, indirect sunlight. They can tolerate some direct sunlight, but protection from intense midday sun is advisable, especially in hot climates.
– If grown indoors, place the bonsai near a south or west-facing window to receive sufficient light. Alternatively, provide supplemental artificial light using fluorescent or LED grow lights.
– Ficus Retusa benefits from 6 to 8 hours of light per day. Adjust the exposure based on the specific needs of your tree and local conditions.
Rotate the Bonsai:
– Rotate the bonsai regularly to ensure that all sides receive uniform light exposure. This forestalls lopsided development and empowers adjusted advancement.
Watch for Signs of Insufficient Light:
– If the tree is not receiving enough light, you may notice elongated stems, sparse foliage, or leaves turning pale. Adjust the lighting conditions accordingly.
– Ficus Retusa prefers temperatures above 60°F (15°C). They can tolerate a wide range of temperatures, but prolonged exposure to temperatures below 50°F (10°C) can lead to stress and damage.
– Protect Ficus Retusa from cold drafts and extreme temperature fluctuations. If the bonsai is kept outdoors, consider bringing it indoors or providing winter protection when temperatures drop.
– Maintain a consistent indoor temperature for indoor-grown bonsai. Ficus Retusa adapts well to typical indoor room temperatures but may benefit from slightly warmer conditions.
Avoid Drastic Changes:
– Sudden temperature changes can stress the bonsai. Gradually acclimate it to new conditions, especially when moving it between indoor and outdoor environments.
– Ficus Retusa prefers moderate to high humidity. Indoor environments, especially during winter with heating, can be dry. Use humidity trays or a humidifier to maintain adequate moisture levels.
Protect from Extreme Heat:
– Shield the bonsai from extreme heat, especially if kept outdoors. Provide shade during the hottest parts of the day to prevent leaf burn.
Monitor in Winter:
– Keep a close eye on your Ficus Retusa during the winter months. If kept outdoors, protect it from frost, and if indoors, ensure it receives sufficient light despite the reduced daylight hours.
By paying attention to light exposure and temperature conditions, you can create an environment that promotes the well-being and development of your Ficus Retusa bonsai. Regular observation of your tree’s response to its surroundings will help you fine-tune these factors for optimal results.
Fertilizing is a crucial aspect of Ficus Retusa bonsai care, providing essential nutrients for healthy growth and development. Here are guidelines for fertilizing your Ficus Retusa bonsai:
– Use a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer designed for bonsai or general-purpose use. A balanced fertilizer contains equal amounts of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K), such as a 10-10-10 or 14-14-14 ratio.
– Fertilize your Ficus Retusa during the growing season, typically from spring to early fall. Reduce or stop fertilization during the dormant period in late fall and winter when growth slows down.
– Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for the specific fertilizer you are using. As a general guideline, apply fertilizer every 2-4 weeks during the growing season.
– Dilute the fertilizer to half or one-quarter of the recommended strength, especially for young or newly repotted bonsai. Ficus Retusa can be sensitive to strong concentrations of fertilizer.
Organic vs. Inorganic Fertilizers:
– Both organic and inorganic (chemical) fertilizers can be used. Organic options include fish emulsion, seaweed extract, or compost. Inorganic fertilizers provide nutrients in a more controlled and immediately available form.
– Ficus Retusa, like all plants, benefits from trace elements. Some fertilizers include micronutrients, but you can also provide these through supplements if needed.
– Apply the fertilizer evenly across the soil surface. Avoid direct contact with the foliage, as concentrated fertilizer can burn the leaves.
Watering Before Fertilizing:
– Ensure the soil is adequately moist before applying fertilizer. Applying fertilizer to dry soil can potentially harm the roots.
Adjusting for Soil Conditions:
– If you are using a well-draining soil mix with good aeration, you may need to fertilize more frequently than if the soil retains moisture.
– Reduce or eliminate fertilization during the dormant period. Fertilizing during winter can stimulate growth when the tree is naturally slowing down.
– Observe how your Ficus Retusa responds to fertilization. If you notice excessive growth or signs of stress, adjust the fertilization routine accordingly.
Organic Matter in the Soil:
– If your soil mix contains organic components, it contributes some nutrients. Adjust your fertilization schedule accordingly, as too much fertilizer can lead to an accumulation of salts in the soil.
– Pay attention to the overall health of the bonsai. If you notice specific nutrient deficiencies (e.g., yellowing leaves), consider adjusting the fertilizer formulation or supplementing with specific nutrients.
Flush Soil Periodically:
– To prevent the buildup of salts in the soil, periodically flush the soil by watering thoroughly, allowing water to drain freely from the bottom.
By incorporating these guidelines into your care routine, you can provide the necessary nutrients for your Ficus Retusa bonsai, promoting vigorous growth and overall health. Adjust your fertilization practices based on the specific needs and responses of your tree.
Diseases and Pests:
Ficus Retusa, like other plants, can be susceptible to certain diseases and pests. Regular monitoring and prompt action are essential to maintain the health of your bonsai. Here are common diseases and pests that may affect Ficus Retusa bonsai, along with preventive measures and treatments:
Circular or irregular spots on leaves with a yellow halo.
Avoid overhead watering. Apply fungicides if needed.
Yellowing leaves, wilting, and a foul odor from the soil.
Ensure well-draining soil. Avoid overwatering. Use fungicides in severe cases.
White, powdery substance on leaves.
Improve air circulation, reduce humidity, and apply fungicides.
Brown lesions on leaves, leading to defoliation.
Remove infected leaves. Apply fungicides preventatively.
Fine webbing on leaves, stippling, and discoloration.
Increase humidity, regularly wash foliage, and use insecticidal soap or neem oil.
Small, brown, or white bumps on leaves and stems.
Physically remove scales, use insecticidal soap, neem oil, or horticultural oil.
Clusters of small, soft-bodied insects on leaves.
Use insecticidal soap, and neem oil, or introduce natural predators like ladybugs.
Small, white insects on the undersides of leaves.
Increase humidity, use yellow sticky traps, and apply insecticidal soap or neem oil.
Cottony masses on leaves and stems.
Remove manually, use insecticidal soap, and neem oil, or introduce natural predators.
General Preventive Measures:
Quarantine New Additions:
– Keep new bonsai additions separate for a few weeks to monitor for signs of pests or diseases before introducing them to your existing collection.
– Avoid overwatering, as this can contribute to root rot. Ensure proper drainage in the soil.
– Ensure good air circulation around your bonsai. Proper ventilation helps prevent the development of fungal diseases.
– Periodically inspect your Ficus Retusa for signs of pests or diseases. Catching issues early allows for more effective treatment.
– Keep the area around your bonsai clean. Remove fallen leaves and debris, as these can harbor pests and diseases.
– Encourage natural predators like ladybugs or predatory mites to help control pest populations.
Isolation of Infected Plants:
– If a plant shows signs of disease or pests, isolate it from other plants to prevent the spread.
Organic Oils and Soaps:
– Neem oil, insecticidal soap, and horticultural oil are effective against many pests. Follow the instructions carefully.
– Systemic insecticides can be applied to the soil, and the plant absorbs them to deter pests. Use these cautiously, following package instructions.
– Remove heavily infested or diseased parts of the plant. Dispose of the pruned material away from other plants.
If you notice persistent issues or are unsure about the best course of action, consult with local horticulturists, bonsai experts, or a plant health professional for personalized advice based on your specific situation.
Styles of Ficus Retusa Bonsai:
Ficus Retusa is a versatile species that can be trained into various bonsai styles. The choice of style depends on the characteristics of the tree, your artistic preferences, and the overall aesthetic you want to achieve. Here are some common bonsai styles for Ficus Retusa:
Formal Upright (Chokkan):
– Straight, upright trunk with a gradually tapering shape.
– Well-balanced branches distributed in a formal pattern.
– Apex (top) directly above the base.
Informal Upright (Moyogi):
– Slightly curved trunk with a more natural and asymmetrical appearance.
– Varied branch placement, avoiding a strict formal pattern.
– Apex is not directly above the base, creating a more dynamic silhouette.
– Trunk slanting to one side, creating a sense of movement.
– Branches are arranged to maintain balance and harmony with the slanting trunk.
– Trunk cascades downward, mimicking a tree growing off a cliff.
– Typically, the apex falls below the base of the pot.
– Balanced design with branches cascading naturally.
– Similar to the cascade style but with a less pronounced downward angle.
– The apex may fall slightly below the pot but remains above the base.
– Tall, slender trunk with minimal branching.
– Sparse foliage near the top, creating an elegant and unique appearance.
– Often evokes a sense of age and resilience.
– Trunk and branches appear as if shaped by strong winds.
– Foliage is concentrated on one side, emphasizing the direction of the wind.
– Upright, straight trunk with branches forming a symmetrical, broom-like shape.
– Often used for deciduous trees, but Ficus Retusa can be adapted to this style.
Group Planting (Yose-ue):
– Multiple trees planted together to create a forest or grove.
– Varied heights and trunk thicknesses for a natural appearance.
– Several trunks emerge from the same root system.
– Trunks should have distinct taper and balance.
– Roots or the entire base of the tree are wrapped around a rock.
– Gives the appearance of a tree growing in a rocky environment.
– Mimics the appearance of a tree growing on or around a piece of driftwood.
– Suitable for Ficus Retusa with interesting deadwood features.
Exposed Root Style (Neagari):
– Exposed roots are prominently displayed above the soil surface.
– Adds a dramatic and aged appearance.
When styling your Ficus Retusa bonsai, consider its natural characteristics, adaptability, and personal preferences. Trying different things with various styles permits you to communicate your inventiveness and make a special and enrapturing bonsai tree. Keep in mind that the process of shaping and styling a bonsai is ongoing, and the tree will evolve.
Patience and Observation:
Patience and observation are fundamental qualities for successful bonsai cultivation. The specialty of bonsai includes a slow and smart way to deal with molding and really focusing on your small tree. Here’s why patience and observation are key aspects of bonsai:
Slow Growth and Development:
– Bonsai trees, including Ficus Retusa, grow slowly. It requires investment for them to foster the ideal highlights, like a very much molded trunk, adjusted branches, and reduced foliage.
Training and Styling:
– Shaping a bonsai is an ongoing process that requires careful pruning, wiring, and training. Persistence is urgent as you guide the tree’s development and see how it answers various methods.
Adaptation to Changes:
– Bonsai trees need time to adapt to changes in their environment, such as repotting or major styling. Rushing these processes can stress the tree, leading to setbacks in growth and health.
– Bonsai trees go through natural cycles with seasonal changes. Patience is needed as you observe how your tree responds to variations in temperature, light, and humidity throughout the year.
– Regular observation allows you to monitor the health of your Ficus Retusa bonsai. Detecting signs of pests, diseases, or stress early on enables you to take corrective measures promptly.
– Achieving the desired aesthetic qualities in a bonsai requires careful consideration and adjustment over time. Patience is needed as you refine the shape, balance, and overall appearance of the tree.
Understanding the Tree’s Rhythm:
– Each bonsai has its own rhythm and growth patterns. Patience is necessary to understand these natural tendencies and work with them rather than against them.
– Bonsai is a long-term endeavor. Trees can live for decades or even centuries with proper care. Patience is essential as you envision the long-term development of your Ficus Retusa bonsai.
Enjoying the Process:
– Bonsai cultivation is as much about the journey as it is about the destination. Patience allows you to appreciate the gradual transformation of your tree over time.
Adapting to Changes:
– Bonsai trees, like all living organisms, will change and evolve. Patiently observing these changes allows you to adapt your care routine and styling techniques accordingly.
Learning from Mistakes:
– Bonsai cultivation involves a learning curve. Patience is required to accept and learn from mistakes, adjusting your approach to better care for your tree.
Cultivating a Relationship:
– Developing a connection with your bonsai requires time and attention. Patience and observation deepen your understanding of the tree’s unique characteristics and needs.
Remember that bonsai is a living art form that reflects the beauty of nature in miniature. Cultivating patience and honing your observational skills will not only contribute to the success of your Ficus Retusa bonsai but also enhance your enjoyment of the bonsai journey.
Winter care for your Ficus Retusa bonsai is crucial to ensure its health and well-being during the colder months. While Ficus Retusa is a tropical species that prefers warmer conditions, it can tolerate some cooler temperatures. Here are guidelines for winter care:
– Ficus Retusa prefers temperatures above 60°F (15°C). If possible, protect your bonsai from temperatures below 50°F (10°C). Cold drafts and sudden temperature fluctuations should be avoided.
– If you keep your Ficus Retusa outdoors during the growing season, consider bringing it indoors before the onset of winter. Place it in a bright location, preferably near a south or west-facing window.
– During winter, the growth of Ficus Retusa slows down, and the tree requires less water. Allow the soil to dry out slightly between waterings. Be cautious not to overwater, as this can lead to root issues.
– Maintain moderate to high humidity levels around your indoor bonsai. Indoor heating during winter can decrease humidity, so use humidity trays or a humidifier to counteract this.
Avoid Cold Drafts:
– Position your bonsai away from cold drafts and heat sources, such as radiators or vents. Sudden temperature changes can stress the tree.
Protection from Frost:
– If you keep your bonsai outdoors in a location with occasional frost, consider protecting it on frosty nights. Covering the tree with frost cloth or moving it to a sheltered area can help prevent frost damage.
– Reduce or eliminate fertilization during the winter months. Ficus Retusa is generally not actively growing during this period, and applying fertilizer can lead to nutrient imbalances.
Inspect for Pests:
– Winter is a good time to inspect your bonsai for pests. Although some pests are less active in colder temperatures, certain species can cause issues. Treat any pest problems promptly.
Pruning and Wiring:
– Limit major pruning and wiring during the winter. These activities can create stress for the tree when it’s in a semi-dormant state. Minor maintenance pruning to remove dead or unhealthy growth is acceptable.
– If you experience extremely cold winters, you may need to consider winter storage options. This could include placing the bonsai in an unheated garage or a protected outdoor location where it is shielded from harsh winter conditions.
Monitor Soil Moisture:
– Check the moisture level in the soil regularly. In winter, the soil may take longer to dry out, so adjust your watering frequency accordingly.
Protect from Drying Winds:
– If your bonsai is kept outdoors, protect it from drying winter winds. Windbreaks or placing the bonsai in a sheltered location can help minimize the impact of harsh winds.
– When transitioning your bonsai between indoor and outdoor environments, do so gradually to allow the tree to acclimate to the changes in temperature and light.
Winter care for Ficus Retusa involves creating a stable and protected environment to help the tree navigate the challenges of the colder season. By adhering to these rules, you can advance the well-being and essentialness of your bonsai during winter.
Developing a Ficus Retusa bonsai is a patient and imaginative excursion, mixing cultivation and stylish refinement. Through fastidious perception, legitimate consideration, and imagination, the bonsai fan shapes a little show-stopper. Giving ideal light, temperature, soil, and nourishment is fundamental, combined with pruning and wiring procedures for structure and construction. Cautiousness against infections and nuisances, alongside occasional changes, guarantees the bonsai’s well-being. With a guarantee of the drawn-out process and an appreciation for the special characteristics of each tree, the bonsai lover partakes in a fulfilling and developing relationship with their Ficus Retusa bonsai.
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